Natural History

Learn More about Natural History

Natural History of the Sonoma Coast

Il’lia Voznesenskii’s Fort Ross Collection in Russia

Additional Resources


 

Flora and Fauna of Fort Ross

 

 

 

Mammals

Black bear  Urdus Americans

Black-tailed jackrabbit  Lupus californium

Bobcat Lynx  rufus

Brush rabbit Sylvilagus bachmani

Coastal black-tailed deer  Odocoileus hemionus

Coyote  Canis latrans

Feral pig, from wild boar  Sus scrofa

Field mouse (vole) Microtus californicus

Gray fox  Urocyon cineroargenteus

Mole Scapanus orarius

Mountain lion (puma)  Felis concolor

Pocket gopher  Thomomys bottae

Raccoon  Procyon lotor

Ring-tailed cat  Bassariscus astutus

Skunk, striped  Mephitis mephitis

Spotted skunk (civet cat)  Spilogale putorius


Birds

American (common) egret Casmerodius albus

Black-shouldered kite Elanus caeruleus

Blackbird, ch.Brewers Euphagus cyanocephalus

Brown towhee Pipilo fuscus

California quail Callipepla Californica

Common raven Corvus corax

Gold finch (wild canary) Carduelis tristis

Golden eagle Aquila chrysaetos

Great blue heron Ardea herodias

Great horned owl Bubo virginianus & others

House finch (linnet) Carpodacus mexicanus

Hummingbird,  Allen’s Selasphorus sasin

Anna’s Calypte anna

Junco, Oregon Junco hyemalis var.

Kestrel (sparrow hawk) Falco sparverius

Northern Harrier (marsh hawk) Circus cyaneus

Pigmy nuthatch Sitta pygmaea

Red-shouldered hawk Buteo lineatus

Red-tailed hawk Buteo jamaicensis

Robin Turdus migratorius

Sparrow, white crowned (weaver finch)Zonotricia leucophrys & others

Steller’s Jay Cyanocitta stelleri

Swallow, barn Hirundo rustica & others

Turkey vulture Cathartes aura


Reptiles & Amphibians

Alligator lizard Gerrhonotus multicarinatus

Fence lizard Sceloporus occidentalis & others

Garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis

Gopher snake Pituophis melanoleucus

Rubber boa Charina bottae

Tree frog, Hyla sp.


Insects & Arthropods

Beach fly

Bumble bee Bombus vasnesenskii

European earwig Forficula auricularia

Ground nesting wasp, Vespula sp.

Sowbug  Armadillidium vulgare & others

Tick, Western black-legged Ixodes pacificus & others


Flowers & Shrubs

Adder’s tongue Scoliopus bigelovii

Azalea, Western Rhododendron occidentale

Bracken fern Pteridium aquilinum var. pubescens

California poppy Eschscholzia californica

California blackberry Rubus ursinus

Caenothus, Pt. Reyes Caenothus gloriosus & others

Columbine Aquilegia formosa

Coyote bush Baccharis pilularis

Douglas iris Iris douglasiana

Hairy manzanita Arcostaphylos columbiana

Himalaya blackberry Rubus discolor

Huckleberry, blue & red Vaccinium ovatum, parvifolium

Indian paintbrush Castilleja wightii

Lupine, bush & coastal Lupinus arboreus, littoralis

Orange monkey flower Mimulus aurantiacus

Orchid Calypso bulbosa

Poison oak Taxicodendron diversilolum

Redwood sorrel oxalis oregana

Salal Gaultheria shallon

Salmonberry Rubus spectabilis

Thimbleberry Rubus parviflorus

Trillium Trillium ovata

Wax myrtle Myrica californica


Mushrooms

Boletus edulis, Amanita muscaria & others


Trees

Bishop pine Pinus muricata

Blue gum eucalyptus Eucalyptus globulus

Broad-leafed maple Acer macrophylum

Buckeye Aesculus californica

California nutmeg Torreya californica

California bay Umbellaria californica

Coastal redwood Sequoia sempervirens

Douglas fir Pseudotsuga menziesii

Grand fir Abies grandis

Monterey cypress Cupressus macrocarpa

Oak, live, canyon Quercus wizlizenii, chrysolepis

Pacific madrone Arbutus menziesii

Red alder Alnus rubra

Silk tassle tree, Garrya elliptica

Tan oak Lithocarpus densiflorus

Willow Salix sp.


Marine Mammals

Blue, fin whales Balaenoptera musculus, physalus

California sea lion Zalophus californianus

Elephant seal Mirounga angustirostris

Gray whale Eschrictus robustus

Harbor seal Phoca vitulina

Humpback whale Megatera novaeangliae

Minke whale Balaenoptera acutorostrata

Orca whale Ornicus orca

Porpoise, harbor Phocoena phocoena

Porpoise, Dall’s Phocoenoides dalli

Steller sea lion Eumotopias jubatus


Fishes

Cabezon Scorpaenichthyus marmoratus

Kelp greenling Hexagrammos decagrammus

Lingcod Ophiodon elongatus

Rainbow seaperch Hypsurus caryi

Rockfish Sebastes sp.

Salmon, chinook & coho Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, O. kisutch


Marine Invertebrates

California mussel Mytilus californianus

Gum boot chiton Cryptochiton stelleri & others

Limpets, Collisella sp. & others

Purple sea urchin Strongylocentrotus purpuratus

Red abalone Haliotis rufescens

Sea stars Pisaster ochraceous & others


Sea Birds

Black oyster catcher Haematopus bachmani

Black Brant  Branta bernicla

Brown pelican Pelecanus occidentalis

Canada goose Branta canadensis

Common murre Uria aalge

Double-crested cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus

Gulls, Western Larus occidentalis & others

Loon Gavia sp.

Osprey Pandion haliaetus

Pigeon guillemot Cepphus columba

Scoter Melanitta sp.

Surfbird Aphrizia vergata


Marine Plants

Bull kelp Nereocystis lutkeana

Feather boa kelp Egregia menziesii

Iridescent seaweed Iridaea acordata

Pink coralline alga Lithothamnium pacificum

Sea palm Postelsia palmaeformis


Former Inhabitants

California condor Gymnogyps californianus

Sea otter Enhydra lutris